Trees of Morni: Gular

November 17, 2011

Gular/ Goolar/ Cluster Fig Tree (Ficus racemosa/ F. glomerata) is a common, partially deciduous, tree of the sub-mountainous tract with medium to large stature. The tree is found upto an elevation of 1200 metres. The tree has a peculiarity that it sheds leaves during the monsoons and not during autumn or winter. The leaves are alternate 4-6 inches long and 2-3 inches broad. The old leaves fall all year round. New leaves appear during March-April and the figs appear directly on the trunk/ branches during April/May.

Gular Leaves

Gular Leaves

The fig is about 2 inches in diameter and is greyish when raw. It ripens to pinkish-red.

Goolar figs-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Goolar figs-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Goolar tree laden with figs-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Goolar tree laden with figs-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Gular Figs

Gular Figs, Rasoon, Bhoj Balag,Morni Hills

Gular Fig Ripe

Gular Fig Ripe, Rasoon,Bhoj Balag, Morni Hills

The inside of a ripe Goolar fig

The inside of a ripe Goolar fig

The fig is used as vegetable when raw. The ripe fig is sweet and has a pleasant aroma. The fig acts as a laxative and gives relief from cough, dysentery, etc. A ‘joshanda’ made out of dry leaves is considered helpful for cough, cold, asthama, worms, etc. The ascetics travelling to Taxila are said to have fed on gular figs while travelling through forests. Monkeys (Common Indian Macaque) feed on the gular figs.

The bark is greyish white and smooth.

Gular Trunk

Gular Trunk

Goolar tree trunk-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Goolar tree trunk-Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Timber is moderately hard and grey when mature. Wood is not very strong and is useful for under water use. The wood is considered sacred. Raja Harishchandra’s crown and throne are said to have been made of its wood.Its used for Hindu yagnas.

Gular tree

Gular tree, Rasoon,Bhoj Balag, Morni Hills

Goolar tree -Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

Goolar tree -Chhamla-Thapli road (near Dhaman village) Morni Hills (end July)

 

Filed in: Trees & Shrubs

About the Author ()

An environmental enthusiast who loves tramping through the hills in search of the picturesque.

Comments (2)

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  1. Akashdeep Singh says:

    I want to grow gullar tree outside my house. Please suggest me from where i can get this tree.

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