Solar Electrification Programme- The Experience in Morni hills

July 13, 2013

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India launched a scheme for the electrification of remote villages with renewable technologies for which the Central Government would provide 90% financial assistance the balance cost being borne by the concerned nodal agency/ village panchayat. Villages/hamlets that were not to be electrified with the conventional grid by 2012 were eligible for assistance under this scheme.

Morni hills have a number of dhanis (hamlets) in remote areas that can be accessed only by narrow hill paths running through difficult terrain. It is not economically feasible to cover these dhanis through a conventional grid as such dhanis typically comprise a handful of houses that are scattered over a large hilly area. These dhanis were chosen for electrification under this scheme by the Department of Renewable Energy, Government of Haryana (HAREDA). Electrification was done by employing the ‘Solar Photo-Voltaic’ (SPV) Technology. The programme was implemented for a total cost of Rs. 4.54 Crores in 3 phases from July 2006 to August 2009. Electricity was provided to nearly 4000 persons living in 776 households spread over 286 remote dhanis. Three type of systems based on the SPV Technology were installed under the programme:

  • 5 Kilowatt Solar Power Plants.  SPV panels were installed at a sunny location and the electricity generated was used to charge a battery bank that then provided electricity to the households for limited hours during late evening/ night hours. The batteries were installed inside small rooms and the individual houses were connected to this ‘powerhouse’ through a network of electric cables. 7 such plants were installed under Phase I of the programme at a cost of Rs. 25 lacs per plant. The power plants were covered under an annual maintenance contract for 5 years, during which period they performed well. The plants have, however, fallen into a state of disrepair after the expiry of the AMC with the batteries requiring replacement.
Solar power plant, Kohlan, Thandog panchayat, Morni hills

Solar power plant, Kohlan, Thandog panchayat, Morni hills

  • Solar-powered Home Lighting Systems (HLS).  A 37 Watt SPV panel is provided to the household that generates electricity to charge a 12 Volt 40 AH battery that provides electricity for running two CFL Lights and a DC fan for 2-3 hours.
  • Solar-powered Street Lighting Systems (SLS).
Solar-Lighting-System

Solar Lighting Systems

BHOJ

PHASE I- JULY 2006

PHASE II-NOV 2007

PHASE III- AUG 2009

HAMLETS COVERED UNDER ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAMME

TIPRA

SOOG,  TIPRA BALI RAM, SARARI

KHEEL (SUG), BASYARI, JORI, BATERA,

JAGYANA, BAGA, BET, BHAUN, GHAT ( DHAMAN), KATTALI, PALENEE, THAR-I, II; DHAKORI, BANCHI RUG, BHAGHAN

KHATA KHIL,  DHAMAN KHIL,  BRADAL(REWARI)

KUDANA

DUNDAL-UPLI, BAGWALI, LEDH-BIHLA, LOHARON,  BHAYAL-UPLI

TIBBE PUR, THANDOLI, BAG, BHAYAL NICHALI, CHANDUWALA, LAIYAN, DHARLI, KHEEL-I, DURAN, JAMANWALA, DAHAN UPLI, DAHAN NICHALI, JHUNDA WALA, BAGRAIRA, GADLA, MAGRA, THAPLI, SARANGA, KHEEL-IV, DILUWALA, RETI, DUNDAL NICHALI, KUDANA

GAURI (DHIN), THALAP, TAL (RETA),  JAMAN WALA, KHIL DUNDAL

PONTA

KHADOON, BANSWALA I, II, III; BANA I, II, III

SHER GUJJARA BASS, KHETRA-I, II; KATLI KA BASS I, II;  NARWAR KA BASS, CHITEWALI, GADDA, KALYANI, GUMLA, DABRAWALA, KUMBWALA, BANSKA-I, II; GUMBANJPUR, THAPPALPUR, LASWA-I, II, III; BHERIWALA-I, II; DHAKWALA, SIRSWALI, KHAIRI, SANGDAIL, CHIRWALA, TALWAD

LASAVA, SATIYAWALA TAPAR, DABOR KA BASS,  KARUN/BANA,  BASS GUGGA MARI(KATLI KA BASS), DABRA WALA, DHARRE KA BASS (BHUTIWALA), NIMBWALA(BAINS KA BASS),  SHER GUJRAN KA BASS(MURTI DEVI), MANDWALA(BASS WALA)

RAJPURA

CHUHARPUR, BUDRIYO, BOLNI (TURON VI),

RANA UPLA, SHRI NAGAR, DHAKWALA (BUDRIYON), GEETOO KA BARA, TADAWALA,

RIYAL WALA (TURON), NAYUR WALA BASS

( SHER JVAIN)

BALDWALA

PARLA JIYA, GHAT WALA BASS, NALIYAN WALA,  AMLE WALA BARA

RAJPURA

NAGGAL

NICHLI MANJYON, DANIR, BUNGHA, KYAR/ KOHLAN, BANYALA KHIL, MAROULI, CHALON, SINGHWALA, BENYALA, SILLY, BAJRIWALA

KATLI, MANJYON-UPLI, CHYOG, MALOTHI, TIBRA(CHADYANA), KYAR(DHANIR), HARAGHAT, HARD KA DAL, SAPAR-I,II

RAJJI TIKKRI

UPRLI KATLI, JOHAR (THANDOT), NICHLI THANDOT , DHANIR, BUNGA, THAPNA(BATOLI), PATHIYA(KHAWA), DUNGLI JOHRI

PREM KA KHEEL, KYAR BASS KALYANA), SAHYON BASS, BARA GHAT, HAHTIA BASS, PYOG (SEHLONBASS),

HARD KA DAL

UTRON

HATHIA BASS BANAH, BARARA BASS, BHIWAR BASS BAROTE PAR, CHARKHI WALA, CHANYANA BASS, CHOHAR BASS TAL, BARA GHAT, CHOHAR BASS (HATHIA )

GULARIWALI, KATAL,

GHATA, NEEMWALA, BARIWALA, SERTA,

DABSU, HARTA, JAMLA, TANDA, BANEE MANDIR

DABSU

THOREWALA-BELA, GHARAT BELA

CHHANDOO, CHHANDORA,

RUG, SALYON, REHDUA, CHATHIYA, JOG, AMAR KUND

THANDOG

BIYULA-II, KOHLAN(KAYAR)-II, MAROLI KHED, CHALON-II, SALYON RADUR

DHARTI

BANGHAR, SIRMADA

CHHAN WALA, SILLI, DAL, KHEEL, BARIWALA, DABLA, UMRI,

BARIWALA, SIRMRA, DHAL,  MOPHAL, BERHERA, DAMANI, CHAKYANA , KHANA

KOTHI

DAKAR

BAROR, LANA, BALYURI, BIJYON, TAPAR, PYOG, PAPROLA, KHAVYON, JANJYAR, AMRI, JOHAR

DANDOLI, DANDOLI(ODAR), SOON, DANDOLI(KHEEL), KOTHI, JAMNYAR, BAROR, PATHROTI(LADYAR), DANDOLI( SIRE KA BASS), FERISAIR

NAITA

JORI, SHARDA

NAID

BAGH, KALYANI RUG, RUG, PATOG BARMU, DABSU, KATAL TALI (MOPHAL), KHARUN, PLASI NADBEL, KATAL TALI, MAROG, SAIDA BHOUDI

MATAUR

MAWAS

BERLA UPLA, JAUN PUR, GUJRIWALA, JOHAR, JASPUR

BAWRI WALA, GUJRI WALA, BHUHAR KATLI

PLASRA

KHOPAR I, II

KALTI(AMBOVA), INDIRAWALA(KHAIRI),

BAG, KHAJUWALA(LED),

PLASARA-II(UPLA), III;

KHOPAR – PART-II

KOTI-DARDA

KUDAL

GHATI, SOYEN, KHANYARA, MANJEKA, SONTHAL,

KYAR KHEEL, THAR-I. DALANA. BHALYON, THAR-II, RUNJA

BAYEN, BHOHN,  GLOR(KATHI), CHAKLA, GARDYANA

BALAG

GHAT DAAL

JABYAL

KAMBAL DERA-I. KATAL, KISANPURA, KAMBAL DERA-II, JAKHRO, DUNGI BAISAKHI

COVERAGE

HAMLETS

45

149

92

HOUSEHOLDS

305

320

151

POPULATION

1564

1652

682

SYSTEMS INSTALLED

HLS

221

336

151

SLS

110

208

99

5 KW POWER PLANT

7

COST IN RUPEES (

CRORES)

2.5

1.38

0.66

4.54

While the initial experiment with Solar-powered electrification has been a mixed experience in Morni, yet improvements in the quality of batteries and introduction of LED based lighting systems promises to make the technology more popular in the coming years.

Filed in: Environment

About the Author ()

An environmental enthusiast who loves tramping through the hills in search of the picturesque.

Comments (2)

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  1. Vinod Malhotra says:

    Perhaps solar power is the only alternative for such situations but the maintenance of solar power and such issues remains a problem. Bigger solar photo-voltaic along with wind may be a better alternative but will require a local grid.

  2. Param says:

    Maybe the AMC should be given to a co-operative formed of trained village youths, who get employment, and hence it is in their interest to keep seeking renewal. Since they would live in the village, if they don’t perform, they will also get pulled up.

    But I am sure someone has thought of it already…

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