History of Morni

Kotaha in India Office Records

November 4, 20160 Comments

The never ending search for the history of Morni and Kotaha has now led to the, hand-written British records of the 19th century that have been meticulously preserved in the archives of the British Library at London. These bound volumes form a part of the India Office Records – the records of the British Rule […]

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Gold washers of Nahan

October 5, 20161 Comment

Lieutenant Proby Thomas Cautley, the famous ‘fossilwallah‘ of the Shiwalik Hills,  wrote a letter in April 1835  to the Secretary Bengal Asiatic Society (it was published in the 4th Volume of the Asiatic Journal the same year) in which he described the working of the gold washers in the beds of the rivers under Nahan. Cautley talks […]

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When Ahmad Shah Durrani went hunting in Pinjore (1765)

August 13, 20140 Comments

One of the most powerful men to have visited Pinjore and to have hunted in the forests of the Pinjore dun and the Morni hills was Ahmad Shah Durrani (Abdali) who visited the valley during his seventh invasion of India in 1764-65. Abdali halted at the garden in Pinjore while marching towards Delhi with his […]

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When Jardine came for a tiger shoot to Pinjore

May 5, 20140 Comments

The Pinjore Dun was covered by a thick forest in the 19th century and was famous for its wildlife including tigers, elephants and even lions. Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Afghan invader had camped at Pinjore in 1765 for tiger hunting. The Pinjore jungles remained the hunting preserves (Shikargarhs) of the Patiala Maharajas since the middle […]

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When Morni hills nearly went to Himachal

July 4, 20131 Comment

The persistent Akali demand for the creation of a Punjabi Suba on linguistic lines resulted in the setting up of a 22 member Parliamentary Committee of both Houses of Parliament in 1965 for finding a satisfactory settlement of the demand for the Punjabi Suba. The Committee was presided over by Sardar Hukam Singh, the Speaker […]

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Fossil discovery in Morni Hills

April 21, 20125 Comments

Captain Proby Thomas Cautley, an engineer of the Bengal Artillery (and a palaeontologist) did pioneering research on the geology of India and discovered many fossil remains of extinct quadrupeds at the southern foot of the Himalayas. Dr. Hugh Falconer, Superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Saharunpore was his close research associate. The duo were conferred […]

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Glimpses of History: Excavations at Morni-ka-tal

April 10, 20120 Comments

A number of Brahmanincal stone sculptures of the early medieval  and the Pratihara period were excavated at the ancient Thakur Dwara Temple at Morni-ka-tal in 1970s.The sculptures include the icons of Karttikeya, Surya, Siva, Uma-Mahesvara, Ganesa, Lakulisa, Vishnu, Nataraja, Trimurti, Siva-linga etc Six such sculptures have been housed in the section on medieval sculptures in […]

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Glimpses of History: Masoompur Fort

April 9, 20120 Comments

The Meers of Kotaha ruled from their fortress at Garhi Kotaha with smaller forts at Mornee and Masoompur. The Masoompur fort is set on a small mud hillock and it overlooks the sharp ravines to its south that break into the plains beyond. The Masoompur village lies to the South-West. The fort was a post under the […]

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Shikar stories from Morni and around

November 30, 20110 Comments

The thick jungles that once clothed the Shivalik hill region west of Yamuna with its characteristic rugged, clay and boulder topography – a region with numerous seasonal soats (streams); dark narrow khols (rocky ravines); flat, wide duns (valleys); precipitous deep khuds and sharp mud escarpments – enjoyed a rich presence of wildlife till the end of the 19th century. The […]

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Morni Fort: The Golden Bastions

October 27, 20111 Comment

The Fort: The Morni Fort is a modest stone masonry structure built sometime in the 17th Century atop the Morni hill at a height of about 1200 metres. The fort is strategically located and dominates the road to Badiyal towards Sarahan in Himachal, the road to Trilokpur, the ridge road towards Thapli/ Mandana and the […]

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